Online battery state-of-charge estimation methods in micro-grid systems

TitreOnline battery state-of-charge estimation methods in micro-grid systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsBoulmrharj, S, Ouladsine, R, NaitMalek, Y, Bakhouya, M, Zine-Dine, K, Khaidar, M, Siniti, M
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Mots-clésBattery management systems, Battery state of charge, Charging (batteries), Coulomb counting method, Discharging process, energy efficiency, Energy efficient building, Experimental investigations, Intelligent buildings, Lead acid batteries, Luenberger observers, Model and simulation, Neural networks, Online systems, Sensing and actuating

Batteries have shown great potential for being integrated in Micro-Grid (MG) systems. However, their integration is not a trivial task and, therefore, requires extensive modeling and simulations in order to efficiently estimating their State-of-Charge (SoC) within MG systems. The work presented in this article focuses mainly on battery modeling for SoC estimation. We put more emphasize on battery system's characterization, modeling, SoC estimation and its integration into MG systems in order to study its performance. In fact, an instrumentation platform, composed of recent and low cost sensing and actuating equipment, is developed in order to identify the battery's parameters and then build the battery model. The simulation results show good agreement with the experimental results, and thus the battery model is validated in both charging and discharging processes. Then, the battery's SoC estimation in both charging and discharging processes is investigated by means of sophisticated methods, such as, Artificial Neural Network, Luenberger observer and Kalman Filter combined with Coulomb counting. The results of these methods are reported and compared to the SoC estimated using the Coulomb counting method in order to end up with the precise method. The modeled battery is afterwards integrated into an MG system, which is deployed into our EEBLab (Energy Efficient Building Laboratory) test-site, for simulation and experimental investigations. Finally, the four algorithms for SoC estimation are included into the instrumentation platform, which is connected to a Lead-acid battery already integrated into the MG system, in order to show and compare their performances and accuracy for online battery's SoC estimation. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd




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